The combat phase of the American-led campaign that inflicted a debilitating defeat on Iraq and liberated Kuwait in the period from January to March 1991. Operation Desert Storm required a month of aerial bombardment followed by a swift thrust by land forces, mostly mechanized. Although most fighting took place in Iraq and Kuwait, a brief incursion into Saudi Arabian territory, as well as ballistic missile attacks upon Saudi Arabia and Israel, contributed to heightened tensions. This operation followed Operation Desert Shield, which was the initial response to the Iraqi seizure of Kuwait in August 1990, deploying forces in and near Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf to counter further Iraqi moves, or to resist attack by Iraqi forces.
Operation Desert Storm (1991). (2006). In R. J. Samuels (Ed.), Encyclopedia of U.S. National Security (Vol. 2, pp. 554-556). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3452700468&v=2.1&u=txshracd2597&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=5a367aa297b9aac66edf4c1505272ada