View Full Record

Valentín Canalizo

January 14, 1794 - February 20, 1850

Topic- Mexican Opposition to the War, Cerro Gordo

Valentín Canalizo was a general and conservative political figure during Mexico's early national period, who twice served as interim president. Born in Monterey, Nuevo León in 1794, Canalizo was an officer in the royalist army during Mexico's War for Independence, abandoning the Spanish after the Plan of Iguala in 1821. He held various governmental and military posts under centralist regimes in the years that followed, serving as the military governor of Oaxaca and governor of the department of Mexico. Throughout much of his career, Canalizo was one of Santa Anna's most loyal followers.

Canalizo served as interim president briefly in 1843 and again in 1844. On both occasions he assumed executive duties from Santa Anna, who ceded power to loyal subordinates during his frequent leaves of absence from the capital. During his second stint as acting president in late 1844, Canalizo attempted to dissolve Congress on Santa Anna's orders, which resulted in him being forced from office and temporarily exiled to Spain. He returned to Mexico in 1846 and served as Santa Anna's minister of war. During the Polkos revolt in February 1847, Canalizo prevented his troops from joining the rebels, and brokered a deal with Matías Peña y Barragán to end the uprising. After suffering a falling out with Santa Anna after the battle of Cerro Gordo, Canalizo left the military and died in Mexico City in 1850.


Lack, Paul D., and Sergio Negrete. "Los tejanos leales a México del este de Texas, 1838-1839." Historia Mexicana 42, no. 4 (April 1, 1993): 889-917.

Santoni, Pedro. Mexicans at Arms: Puro Federalists and the Politics of War, 1845-1848. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1996.

---. "The Failure of Mobilization: The Civic Militia of Mexico in 1846." Mexican Studies / Estudios Mexicanos 12, no. 2 (July 1, 1996): 169-194.

Vázquez, Josefina Zoraida. "The Texas Question in Mexican Politics, 1836-1845." The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 89, no. 3 (January 1, 1986): 309-344.

U.S. Mexico War logo